Talk back: Why should we have more restrictions on “harmful” speech on social media?
This is a different sort of blog post.
Rather than me writing yet another essay to you, I want to open the floor to you. I want you to answer something for me. It’s like the subreddit “Change My View.”
This is aimed specifically at my liberal and progressive friends who are very upset at the social media giants for letting things get so out of hand. See how much of the following applies to you:
You have become increasingly aware of how awful the harassment of women and minorities by the far right has become. You are really, sincerely worried that they have elected Trump, who isn’t just a crass clown (many people agree with that) but basically a proto-fascist. You are convinced that Trump must have gotten elected because of the growing popularity of right-wing extremists. They engage in hate speech. Not only is this why Trump was elected, it’s why people are constantly at each other’s throats today, and why there has been domestic terrorism and mass murder by the right. Therefore, all mature, intelligent observers seem to agree that we need to rein in online hate speech and harmful speech.
I’ve heard all of this a lot, because I’ve sought it out in an attempt to understand it—because it freaks me out. Here’s the thing: I think it’s mostly bullshit. Yes, people (of all political stripes) have gotten nastier, maybe. I didn’t vote for Trump and I dislike him. But beyond that, I think the entire line above isn’t just annoyingly wrong, it’s downright scary. This is largely because I have always greatly valued free speech and this above-summarized mindset has put free speech (and hence other basic liberal democratic/small-r republican values) at risk.
But I’m not going to elaborate my view further now; I mention it only to explain why I want your view first. I’ll save an elaboration of my view in a response to you. What I hope you’ll do, if you agree with the bold bit above, is to explain your sincere, considered position. Do your best to persuade me. Then, sometime in the next week or two, I’ll do my best to persuade you, incorporating all the main points in your replies (assuming I get enough replies).
So please answer: Why should we more aggressively prevent harmful or hate speech, or ban people who engage in such speech, on social media? The “why” is the thing I’m interested in. Don’t answer the question, please, if you don’t agree with the premise of the question.
Here are some sub-questions you might cover:
- Did you used to care more about free speech? What has changed your mind about the relative importance of it?
- Do you agree with the claim, “Hate speech is not free speech”? Why?
- Exactly where did my “Free Speech Credo” go wrong?
- If all you want to say is that “free speech” only restricts government action, and that you don’t think corporate actions can constitute censorship, but please also explain any thoughts you have about why it is so important
- If you’re American and you want Uncle Sam to restrict hate speech, why do you think the law can and should be changed now, after allowing it for so many years? (Surely you don’t think Americans are more racist than they were 50 years ago.)
- Does it bother you that “hate speech” is very vague and that its application seems to have grown over the years?
- If hate speech on the big social media sites bothers you enough to want to get rid of it, what’s your stance toward blogs and forums where racists (or people who want to call racists) congregate?
- Where should it end, generally speaking? Would you want the National Review banned? Don’t just say, “Don’t be ridiculous.” If that’s ridiculous, then where do you draw the line between, for example, banning Paul Joseph Watson from Facebook and using government power to take down a conservative opinion journal?
- By the way, do you think it’s possible for conservatives and libertarians to be decent people? Honest? Intelligent? Do you think they are all racists? Do you think that articulating all or many conservative or libertarian positions is essentially racist or harmful speech?
Basically, if enough people answer these questions (one or all), I think that’ll give me an idea of how your mind actually works as you think this stuff through. This will enable me to craft the most interesting response to you. I want to understand your actual views fully—i.e., not (necessarily) some academic theory, but your real, on-the-ground, down-to-earth views that results in your political stance.